Publications Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in Men Who have Sex with Men in Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire: A Qualitative Evaluation of Acceptability

Un article de Sara Jeanne Pelletier et collègues, disponible en accès libre avec le soutien du RRSPQ (Concours de soutien à la publication 2018-2019). The Open AIDS Journal 2019, 13, 1-10.

Auteurs: Sara Jeanne Pelletier, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Souleymane Diabaté, Ouffoué KraYadjoro Josué BiékouaGbahonnon Dorothée OssoBamourou DianéMéliane N’Dhatz-EbagnitchiéCarin AhouadaMichel Alary

Résumé des auteurs:

BackgroundHIV remains an important public health issue throughout the world. In Côte d’Ivoire, a high burden of HIV is observed in men who have sex with men (MSM). ObjectiveWe assessed the acceptability of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire. MethodsWe conducted and analysed four focus groups with 31 HIV-negative MSM and eight in-depth individual interviews with participants recruited from the focus groups. ResultsFour MSM (13%) were aware of PrEP before participating in the study. All the participants were interested in taking PrEP if available: 19 (61.3%) would prefer the daily regimen and 12 (38.7%) would opt for the on-demand regimen. Many advantages of PrEP were mentioned: protection in case of a condom break, protection in case of high-risk sexual behaviour, self-reliance, decreasing HIV fear and ease of use. Barriers to the use of PrEP included: it does not protect against other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), taking a pill regularly is necessary, the size of the pill, possibility of side effects, the cost and accessibility. Six participants (19.3%) admitted that they would use condoms less if they take PrEP. ConclusionFindings indicate that PrEP is acceptable within the MSM community. Implementation should be done rapidly, and PrEP should be part of a global prevention program which includes counselling, STI screening and promotion of safe sex practices. Health authorities should consider PrEP for allnhigh-risk groups to avoid worsening stigmatization by targeting MSM only.