Publications Publication - Predictors of Length of Hospitalization and Impact on Early Readmission for Mental Disorders
Une publication parue dans Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov; 19(22): 15127, soutenue par l'axe Santé mentale des populations suite au concours de soutien aux publications 2021-2022. Félicitations à Lia Gentil et collègues !
Lia Gentil, Guy Grenier, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Marie-Josée Fleury
Length of hospitalization, if inappropriate to patient needs, may be associated with early readmission, reflecting sub-optimal hospital treatment, and translating difficulties to access outpatient care after discharge. This study identified predictors of brief-stay (1-6 days), mid-stay (7-30 days) or long-stay (≥31 days) hospitalization, and evaluated how lengths of hospital stay impacted on early readmission (within 30 days) among 3729 patients with mental disorders (MD) or substance-related disorders (SRD). This five-year cohort study used medical administrative databases and multinomial logistic regression. Compared to patients with brief-stay or mid-stay hospitalization, more long-stay patients were 65+ years old, had serious MD, and had a usual psychiatrist rather than a general practitioner (GP). Predictors of early readmission were brief-stay hospitalization, residence in more materially deprived areas, more diagnoses of MD/SRD or chronic physical illnesses, and having a usual psychiatrist with or without a GP. Patients with long-stay hospitalization (≥31 days) and early readmission had more complex conditions, especially more co-occurring chronic physical illnesses, and more serious MD, while they tended to have a usual psychiatrist with or without a GP. For patients with more complex conditions, programs such as assertive community treatment, intensive case management or home treatment would be advisable, particularly for those living in materially deprived areas.